现代电力系统分析

出版时间:2009-12   出版时间:清华大学出版社   作者:D P KOTHARI,I J NAGRATH   页数:694  
封面图片

现代电力系统分析
前言

  由于电力系统规划、设计、运行和控制都要进行电力系统分析,因此,在国内外的高等院校中都把“电力系统分析”作为本科生的重要专业课程之一,有的在研究生阶段还进一步将它列为学位课程。作为这门课程的教材,国内外已经有十多种,本书为印度理工学院Kothari和贝拉理工学院Nagrath两位教授编写的第3版。  书中的第2章到第12章内容属于电力系统分析的传统和基本内容,主要包括电力系统元件的参数、等值电路和稳态运行特性,电力系统的潮流计算,电力系统的运行优化以及自动发电和电压控制,对称和不对称故障分析,电力系统稳定性等。  第13章到第17章是第3版新增的内容,包括电力系统静态安全分析,电力系统状态估计,FACTS(柔性交流输电系统)元件及其对系统参数和功率的补偿,电力负荷预测,电力系统电压稳定性。此外,在第1章中还增加了新能源和可再生能源发电、分散和分布式发电、电力市场以及电能生产对环境的影响等方面的基本知识。  在传统部分的编写中,内容比较全面、完整。例如,在潮流计算中,包括了近似潮流、高斯·赛得尔法、牛顿-拉夫逊法以及快速解耦法;在运行方式优化方面,从经典的基于等微增率的经济调度,到最优潮流和机组经济组合;在对称和不对称故障分析中,除了简单系统的分析方法以外,介绍了复杂系统的计算机分析方法,等等。新增加的内容使本书更贴近电力系统的运行和控制。  此外,本书还有以下的显著特点:  1.书中包含了大量的例题,它们除了说明具体的计算方法和过程以外,还可以让读者顺便了解很多实际知识(例如元件及系统的结构和参数等)。有的则通过例题介绍其他方面的内容和知识(例如,在例2.4中引入通信干扰和谐波等知识),从而扩大了本书所包含的信息量。另外,书中还给出了大量的习题并附有相应的答案,以便读者进一步巩固和深化有关的理论和分析方法。特别地,这些例题和习题有助于读者进行自学。
内容概要

  《现代电力系统分析(第3版)》中包含了大量的例题,它们除了说明具体的计算方法和过程以外,还可以让读者顺便了解很多实际知识(例如元件及系统的结构和参数等)。有的则通过例题介绍其他方面的内容和知识(例如,在例2.4中引入通信干扰和谐波等知识),从而扩大了《现代电力系统分析(第3版)》所包含的信息量。另外,书中还给出了大量的习题并附有相应的答案,以便读者进一步巩固和深化有关的理论和分析方法。特别地,这些例题和习题有助于读者进行自学。
作者简介

  D P Kothari,is Professor, Centre for Energy Studies,Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. He hasbeen Head of the Centre for Energy Studies(1995-97) and Principal (1997-98) VisvesvarayaRegional Engineering College, Nagpur. He has been Director-incharge, liT Delhi (2005), Deputy Director (Admn.) (2003-2006). Earlier (1982-83 and 1989), he was a visiting fellow at RMIT,Melbourne, Australia. He obtained his BE, ME and Ph.D degrees from BITS, Pilani. A fellow of the Institution of Engineers (India), fellow of National Academy of Engineering,fellow of National Academy of Sciences, Senior Member IEEE, Member IEE,Life Member ISTE, Professor Kothari has published/presented around 500papers in national and international journals/conferences. He has authored/co-authored more than 18 books, including Power System Optimization, ModernPower System Analysis, Electric Machines, Power System Transients, Theoryand Problems of Electric Machines and Basic Electrical Engineering. Hisresearch interests include power system control, optimization, reliability andenergy conservation. He has received the National Khosla award for LifetimeAchievements in Engineering for 2005 from liT Roorkee.  I J Nagrath is Adjunct Professor, BITS, Pilani, and retired as Professor of electrical engineering and Deputy Director of Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani. He obtained his BE with Hons. in electrical engineering from the University of Rajasthan in 1951 and MS from the University of Wisconsin in 1956. He has co-authored several successful books which include Electric Machines, Modern Power System Analysis and Systems: Modelling and Analysis. He has also published several research papers in prestigious national and international journals.
书籍目录

Preface
to
Third
EditionPreface
to
First
Edition1.
Introduction1.1
A
Perspective1.2
Structure
of
Power
Systems1.3
Conventional
Sources
of
Electric
Energy1.4
Renewable
Energy
Sources1.5
Energy
Storage1.6
Growth
of
Power
Systems
in
India1.7
Energy
Conservation1.8
Deregulation1.9
Distributed
and
Dispersed
Generation1.10
Environmental
Aspects
of
Electric
Energy
Generation1.11
Power
System
Engineers
and
Power
System
Studies
3!1.12
Use
of
Computers
and
Microprocessors1.13
Problems
Facing
Indian
Power
Industry
and
its
ChoicesReferences2.
Inductance
and
Resistance
of
Transmission
Lines2.1
Introduction2.2
Definition
of
Inductance2.3
Flux
Linkages
of
an
Isolated
Current-Carrying
Conductor2.4
Inductance
of
a
Single-Phase
Two-Wire
Line2.5
Conductor
Types2.6
Flux
Linkages
of
one
Conductor
in
a
Group2.7
Inductance
of
Composite
Conductor
Lines2.8
Inductance
of
Three-Phase
Lines2.9
Double-Circuit
Three-Phase
Lines2.10
Bundled
Conductors2.11
Resistance2.12
Skin
Effect
and
Proximity
EffectProblemsReferences3.
Capacitance
of
Transmission
Lines3.1
Introduction3.2
Electric
Field
of
a
Long
Straight
Conductor3.3
Potential
Difference
between
two
Conductors
of
a
Group
of
Parallel
Conductors3.4
Capacitance
of
a
Two-Wire
Line3.5
Capacitance
of
a
Three-Phase
Line
with
Equilateral
Spacing3.6
Capacitance
of
a
Three-Phase
Line
with
Unsymmetrical
Spacing3.7
Effect
of
Earth
on
Transmission
Line
Capacitance3.8
Method
of
GMD
(Modified)3.9
Bundled
ConductorsProblemsReferences4.
Representation
of
Power
System
Components4.1
Introduction4.2
Single-phase
Solution
of
Balanced
Three-phase
Networks4.3
One-Line
Diagram
and
Impedance
or
Reactance
Diagram4.4
Per
Unit
(PU)
System4.5
Complex
Power4.6
Synchronous
Machine4.7
Representation
of
LoadsProblemsReferences5.
Characteristics
and
Performance
of
Power
Transmission
Lines5.1
Introduction5.2
Short
Transmission
Line5.3
Medium
Transmission
Line5.4
The
Long
Transmission
Line——Rigorous
Solution5.5
Interpretation
of
the
Long
Line
Equations5.6
Ferranti
Effect5.7
Tuned
Power
Lines5.8
The
Equivalent
Circuit
of
a
Long
Line5.9
Power
Flow
through
a
Transmission
Line5.10
Methods
of
Voltage
ControlProblemsReferences6.
Load
Flow
Studies6.1
Introduction6.2
Network
Model
Formulation6.3
Formation
of
YBus
by
Singular
Transformation6.4
Load
Flow
Problem6.5
Gauss-Seidel
Method6.6
Newton-Raphson
(NR)
Method6.7
Decoupled
Load
Flow
Methods6.8
Comparison
of
Load
Flow
Methods6.9
Control
of
Voltage
ProfileProblemsReferences7.
0
ptimal
System
Operation7.1
Introduction7.2
Optimal
Operation
of
Generators
on
a
Bus
Bar7.3
Optimal
Unit
Commitment
(UC)7.4
Reliability
Considerations7.5
Optimum
Generation
Scheduling7.6
Optimal
Load
Flow
Solution7.7
Optimal
Scheduling
of
Hydrothermal
SystemProblemsReferences8.
Automatic
Generation
and
Voltage
Control8.1
Introduction8.2
Load
Frequency
Control
(Single
Area
Case)8.3
Load
Frequency
Control
and
Economic
Despatch
Control8.4
Two-Area
Load
Frequency
Control8.5
Optimal
(Two-Area)
Load
Frequency
Control8.6
Automatic
Voltage
Control8.7
Load
Frequency
Control
with
Generation
Rate
Constraints
(GRCs)8.8
Speed
Governor
Dead-Band
and
Its
Effect
on
AGC8.9
Digital
LF
Controllers8.10
Decentralized
ControlProblemsReferences9.
Symmetrical
Fault
Analysis9.1
Introduction9.2
Transient
on
a
Transmission
Line9.3
Short
Circuit
of
a
Synchronous
Machine
(On
No
Load)9.4
Short
Circuit
of
a
Loaded
Synchronous
Machine9.5
SeIection
of
Circuit
Breakers9.6
Algorithm
for
Short
Circuit
Studies9.7
ZBusFormulationProblemsReferences10.
Symmetrical
Components10.1
Introduction10.2
Symmetrical
Component
Transformation10.3
Phase
Shift
in
Star-Delta
Transformers10.4
Sequence
Impedances
of
Transmission
Lines10.5
Sequence
Impedances
and
Sequence
Network
of
Power
System10.6
Sequence
Impedances
and
Networks
of
Synchronous
Machine10.7
Sequence
Impedances
of
Transmission
Lines10.8
Sequence
Impedances
and
Networks
of
Transformers10.9
Construction
of
Sequence
Networks
of
a
Power
SystemProblemsReferences11.
Unsymmetrical
Fault
Analysis11.1
Introduction11.2
Symmetrical
Component
Analysis
of
Unsymmetrical
Faults11.3
Single
Line-To-Ground
(LG)
Fault11.4
Line-To-Line
(LL)
Fault11.5
Double
Line-To-Ground
(LLG)
Fault11.6
Open
Conductor
Faults11.7
Bus
Impedance
Matrix
Method
For
Analysis
of
Unsymmetrical
Shunt
FaultsProblemsReferences12.
Power
System
Stability12.1
Introduction12.2
Dynamics
of
a
Synchronous
Machine12.3
Power
Angle
Equation12.4
Node
Elimination
Technique12.5
Simple
Systems12.6
Steady
State
Stability12.7
Transient
Stability12.8
Equal
Area
Criterion12.9
Numerical
Solution
of
Swing
Equation12.10
Multimachine
Stability12.11
Some
Factors
Affecting
Transient
StabilityProblemsReferences13.
Power
System
Security13.1
Introduction13.2
System
State
Classification13.3
Security
Analysis13.4
Contingency
Analysis13.5
Sensitivity
Factors13.6
Power
System
Voltage
StabilityReferences14.
An
Introduction
to
State
Estimation
of
Power
Systems14.1
Introduction14.2
Least
Squares
Estimation:
The
Basic
Solution14.3
Static
State
Estimation
of
PowerSystems14.4
Tracking
State
Estimation
of
Power
Systems14.5
Some
Computational
Considerations14.6
External
System
Equivalencing14.7
Treatment
of
Bad
Data14.8
Network
Observability
and
Pseudo-Measurements14.9
Application
of
Power
System
State
Estimation
5.5ProblemsReferences15.
Compensation
in
Power
Systems15.1
Introduction15.2
Loading
Capability15.3
Load
Compensation15.4
Line
Compensation15.5
Series
Compensation15.6
Shunt
Compensators15.7
Comparison
between
STATCOM
and
SVC15.8
Flexible
AC
Transmission
Systeins
(FACTS)
56~15.9
Principle
and
Operation
of
Converters15.10
Facts
ControllersReferences16.
Load
Forecasting
Technique16.1
Introduction16.2
Forecasting
Methodology16.3
Estimation
of
Average
and
Trend
Terms16.4
Estimation
of
Periodic
Components16.5
Estimation
of
Ys
(k):
Time
Series
Approach16.6
Estimation
of
Stochastic
Component:
Kalman
Filtering
Approach16.7
Long-Term
Load
Predictions
Using
Econometric
Models16.8
Reactive
Load
ForecastReferences17.
Voltage
Stability17.1
Introduction17.2
Comparison
of
Angle
and
Voltage
Stability17.3
Reactive
Power
Flow
and
Voltage
Collapse17.4
Mathematical
Formulation
of
Voltage
Stability
Problem17.5
Voltage
Stability
Analysis17.6
Prevention
of
Voltage
Collapse17.7
State-of-the-Art,
Future
Trends
and
ChallengesReferencesAppendix
A:
Introduction
to
Vector
and
Matrix
AlgebraAppendix
B:
Generalized
Circuit
ConstantsAppendix
C:
Triangular
Factorization
and
Optimal
OrderingAppendix
D:
Elements
of
Power
System
Jacobian
MatrixAppendix
E:
Kuhn.Tucker
TheoremAppendix
F:
Real-time
Computer
Control
of
Power
SystemsAppendix
G:
Introduction
to
MATLAB
and
SIMULINKAnswers
to
ProblemsIndex
章节摘录

  Demerits  1.
Nuclear
reactors
produce
radioactive
fuel
waste,
the
disposal
of
which
poses
serious
environmental
hazards.  2.
The
rate
of
nuclear
reaction
can
be
lowered
only
by
a
small
margin,
so
that
the
load
on
a
nuclear
power
plant
can
only
be
permitted
to
be
marginally
reduced
below
its
full
load
value.
Nuclear
power
stations
must,
therefore,
be
realiably
connected
to
a
power
network,
as
tripping
of
the
lines
connecting
the
station
can
be
quite
serious
and
may
required
shutting
down
of
the
reactor
with
all
its
consequences.  3.
Because
of
relatively
high
capital
cost
as
against
running
cost,
the
nuclear
plant
should
operate
continuously
as
the
base
load
station.
Wherever
possible,
it
is
preferable
to
support
such
a
station
with
a
pumped
storage
scheme
mentioned
earlier.  4.
The
greatest
danger
in
a
fission
reactor
is
in
the
case
of
loss
of
coolant
in
an
accident.
Even
with
the
control
rods
fully
lowered
quickly
called
scram
operation,
the
fission
does
continue
and
its
after-heat
may
cause
vaporizing
and
dispersal
of
radioactive
material.  The
world
uranium
resources
are
quite
limited,
and
at
the
present
rate
may
not
last
much
beyond
50
years.
However,
there
is
a
redeeming
feature.
During
the
fission
of
235U,
some
of
the
neutrons
are
absorbed
by
the
more
abundant
uranium
isotope
23SU
(enriched
uranium
contains
only
about
3%
of
235U
while
most
of
its
is

converting
it
to
plutonium,
which
in
itself
is
a
fissionable
material
and
can
be
extracted
from
the
reactor
fuel
waste
by
a
fuel
reprocessing
plant.
Plutonium
would
then
be
used
in
the
next
generation
reactors
(fast
breeder
reactors-FBRs),
thereby
considerably
extending
the
life
of
nuclear
fuels.
The
FBR
technology
is
being
intensely
developed
as
it
will
extend
the
availability
of
nuclear
fuels
at
predicted
rates
of
energy
consumption
to
several
centuries. 
Figure
1.9
shows
the
schematic
diagram
of
an
FBR.
It
is
essential
that
for
breeding
operation,
conversion
ratio
(fissile
material
generated/fissile
material
consumed)
has
to
be
more
than
unity.
This
is
achieved
by
fast
moving
neutrons
so
that
no
moderator
is
needed.
The
neutrons
do
slow
down
a
little
through
collisions
with
structural
and
fuel
elements.
The
energy
density/kg
of
fuel
is
very
high
and
so
the
core
is
small.
It
is
therefore
necessary
that
the
coolant
should
possess
good
thermal
properties
and
hence
liquid
sodium
is
used.
The
fuel
for
an
FBR
consists
of
20%
plutonium
plus
8%
uranium
oxide.
The
coolant,
liquid
sodium,
leaves
the
reactor
at
650℃
at
atmospheric
pressure.
The
heat
so
transported
is
led
to
a
secondary
sodium
circuit
which
transfers
it
to
a
heat
exchanger
to
generate
steam
at
540℃.
编辑推荐

  《现代电力系统分析(第3版)》介绍了现代电力系统的运行、控制和分析方法。  第3版的主要特色  新增章节  电力系统安全性  状态估计  电力系统中的补偿装置(包括SVS和FACTS)  负荷预测  电压稳定  新增附录  MATLAB和SIMULINK在电力系统中的应用演示  基于计算机的电力系统实时控制  专家评论  《现代电力系统分析(第3版)》内容全面、组织合理、材料新颖,叙述清晰流畅,易于自学。同时,书中每一个概念和方法都有相应的算例进行说明。
图书标签Tags

电力系统,电气工程
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  •     内容很丰富,就是没习题。
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  •     据说很经典的书籍,当当的服务业好!
  •     课题组老王的书,注册电气工程师的教辅教材
  •     讲的蛮详细的,这本书是一本不错的入门级书
  •     态度也不错,而且折打的也可以
 

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