油田非均质对策论

出版时间:1997-09-01   出版时间:石油工业出版社   作者:陈永生 著   页数:318  
封面图片

油田非均质对策论
内容概要

  This book is written from the point of view of theoretical depth as well as the summary of practical expe-riences,some basic problems are dealt with typical of oil field heterogerieities of fluid and flow field from sixlevels. Besides,the author improves the formula of oil recovery efficient utilization factor. In this book,the ge-ologic characteristics, reservoir behaviours and countermeasures during oil field development have been dealtwith respectively. This decides the structure feature of the whole work and marks a great distinction fromother works.
书籍目录

INTRODUCTION1
THE
GEOLOGY
CHARACTERISTICS
OF
HETEROGENEITY
IN
OIL
FIELD1.1
Geology
Characteristics
of
Interlayer
Heterogeneity1.2
Plane
Heterogeneity
and
Vertical
Heterogeneity
in
a
Single
Layer1.3
The
Heterogeneity
among
Pores1.4
Fault
and
Fracture1.5
The
Heterogeneity
of
the
Fluid
Property1.6
The
Wettability
of
a
Reservoir2
THE
BEHAVIOUR
OF
RESERVOIR
HETERO.GENEITY
DURING
WATERFLOOD
DEV
ELOPMENT2.1
Interlayer
Interference
and
Single-Layer
Water
Cusp.ing2.2
Plane
Contradiction2.3
The
Interlayer
Contradiction
Caused
by
the
Heterogeneity
of
the
Thick
Formation2.4
The
Influence
of
the
Structure
of
the
Reservoir
on
Water'Driving2.5
The
Influence
of
Heterogeneity
of
the
Pore
Passage
and
the
Interpore
on
the
Oil
field
Development2.6
The
Influence
of
Reservoir
Wettability
on
the
Deveiopment
Effe'ct
and
the
Variation
of
The
Wettability
after
Waterlnjection2.7
The
Influence
of
Water
Injection
Process
on
the
Properties
of
Crude
Oil2.8
The
Relationships
Among
the
Several
Kinds.of
Contradictions3
THE
DEVELOPMENT
AND
ADJUSTMENT
OF
A
HETEROGENEOUS
OIL
FIELD3.1
Arrangement
and
Adjustment
of
the-Well
Network
and
Series
of
Strata3.2
Water-Injection3.3
Adjustment
Measures
of
Oil
Well3.
4
The
Measure
to
Enlarge
the
Water-out
Thick
in
Thick
Oil-bearing
Formation4
THE
BASIC
CHARACTERISTICS
OF
WATERFLOOD
DEVELOPMENT
OFA
HETEROGENEOUS
OIL
FIELD4.1
Development
Test4.2
Injection-production
Equilibrium
and
Pressure
Balance4.3
The
Basic
Law
of
Water-oil
Displacement4.4
The
Distribution
Characteristic
of
the
Remaining
Oil4.5
The
Basic
Ideas
about
EORREFERENCES

章节摘录

  (4)
The
time-lapse
well
test  This
is
a
kind
of
method
that
we
test
in
onewell
or
a
pair
of
wells
with
the
same
method
andwith
the
same
accurate
apparatus
in
different
devel-opment
phases
and
at
different
time.
Because
thecondition
of
the
formations,
the
well
spacings,andthe
producing
layers
are
all
constant,
the
change
oftest
data
should
reflect
the
change
of
the
water
satu-ration
basically.  (5)
To
inject
indicator
(tracer)  The
indicator
is
used
for
the
research
about
theflow
direction
of
the
underground
water.
If
the
iso-tope
indicator
was
adopted
and
the
downhole
mea-surement
was
done,
the
indicator
benefits
not
onlythe
finding
of
water
source
direction
but
also
theclarifying
of
layer
location
basically.  Though
the
above-mentioned
5
methods
relatedto
the
research
about
the
plane-contradiction,
weshould
know
that
the
comprehensive
analysis
andthe
reservoir
simulation
are
the
most
basic
ways
todeal
with
data9
and
the
basic
methods
to
researchplane-contradiction
as
well.
The
other
ways
are
themeans
for
clearifying
the
key
problem,and
are
nec-essary.
But
we
must
apply
them
based
on
the
differ-ent
situations
of
an
oilfield.  2.2.2
The
Water
Injection
Response  The
water
injection
response
is
also
a
kind
ofinterference
phenomenon,
which
is
an
interferencefrom
the
water
injection
well
to
the
oil
productionwell.
It
is
adequately
used,and
is
the
most
essen-tial,
the
widest
and
the
most
basic
relationship
be-tween
the
water
injection
well
and
the
oil
productionwell
in
the
same
layer. Without
this
relationship,
itis
impossible
to
make
the
water
(gas)
injection
de-velopment.
Here
we
discuss
the
problem
only
fromthe
characteristic
of
the
response
.
As
to
the
prob-lem
of
the
balanced
offtake
and
the
pressure
equal-ization,and
the
basic
characteristic
of
the
oil-waterdisplacement,we
will
make
special
discussion
later.  1.what
kind
of
oil-bearing
formation
can
re-sponse  According
to
theory
and
practice,
the
forma-tion
can
be
recognited
as
responsive
as
long
as
theformation
is
connected
with
oil
production
well
andthe
water
can
be
injected
into
the
formation.
Howev-er,whether
it
can
satisfy
the
need
of
the
balancedofftake,
how
much
pressure
the
oil
well
can
main-tain,
whether
it
can
response
in
a
short
period,
arethe
questions
worthy
to
research.
This
involves
sev-eral
effect
factors
such
as
whether
the
formation
isgood
or
not,
the
condition
of
the
well
pattern
andthe
pressure
difference
of
the
injection
and
produc-tion,
and
so
on.
Such
as
in
the
centre
area
of
theDaqing
Oilfield,
the
high
permeable
layer
can
re-sponse
obviously
from
half
a
month
to
a
month
,while
the
low
permeable
layer
needs
three
months,even
longer.
Generally
speaking

if
the
formationis
good
and
connected,
the
viscosity
of
crude
oil
islow,
the
well
spacing
from
the
water
injection
wellto
the
oil
production
well
is
short,the
injection
pres-sure
is
high,
and
the
injection
and
production
is
bal-anced,
the
response
is
quick,on
the
contrary,
it
isslow.
In
some
ranges
there
is
not
response
,such
asthe
well
spacing
is
too
big,
the
water
injected
is
toosmall
and
the
injection
to
production
ratio
is
toolow.
Thus,
we
must
make
all
condictions
be
suit-able
in
order
to
get
the
good
water
injection
re-sponse.  ……

评论、阅读与下载



油田非均质对策论下载



相关评论与评分
 

工业技术分享网 @ 2017